THE US CAPITOL BUILDING, WASHINGTON
William Thornton (Original architect)
Thomas U Walter (Architect of Dome & Wings)
The Capitol was originally designed by William Thornton in 1793, rebuilt after the1814 fire and expanded over many years (by Benjamin Henry Latrobe, CharlesBulfinch and Thomas Ustick Walter).
Thornton's scheme was in the Anglo-Palladian tradition of a half-century earlier and called for a central Pantheon-type saucer dome. The Capitol's most defining feature today, Walter's enormous cast-iron dome, was added in 1860-63 to replace a lower dome, reconstructed after the 1814 fire.
Walter's magnificent dome, one of the world's most familiar landmarks, owes its form most directly to Michaelangelo's dome for St.Peter's in Rome, but there is a line of descent back through Donato Bramante's Tempietto, a tiny shrine built in 1502 on the traditional site of St. Peter's martyrdom to the Temple of Hercules at Tivoli, which Palladio measured and published I Quattro Libri.
The Tempietto was the one Renaissance building Palladio believed worthy of illustrating in Quattro Libri. He wrote: "I thought it reasonable that his work should be placed among those of the ancients".
Dimensions: 7.5"w x 13"h x 6.5"d
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